Plagiarism occurs when you take borrowed words or ideas of others and not expressly acknowledges did. In our culture, our words and ideas is considered intellectual property; as it is a car or anything else that we possess;we believe that our words belong to us and may not be used without our permission.
Therefore, every time you type a document requiring research should inform readers of where I got the ideas and assertions or data that are not their own. Whether you quote directly or summarizes information must give credit to their sources, citing them. This way you “permission” to use the word gets another because it is giving credit for the work he or she has done.
However, even when you summarize risks incurring plagiarism. Plagiarism occurs when you borrow words or ideas, paraphrases to not be like the original, but fails completely. If your words and phrases are very similar to those of the original source, this is plagiarism.
Plagiarism is a serious offense. If you are found to have plagiarized voluntarily or involuntarily may face serious consequences. In some cases of plagiarism students have had to leave the institutions where they were studying. In general, institutions report what their rules on plagiarism in their policy manuals.
Questions on how to date, how to resume and how to avoid plagiarism:
What does “quoting” a source?
You mean you put explicitly within the text you are typing, which took words, ideas or numbers elsewhere.
How do you date?
Use the rules established by the APA (American Psycological Association – American Psychological Association) or MLA (Modern Language Association – Modern Language Association) citation in parentheses (example cited in each paragraph, not at the bottom of page). Typically, what you put is the author’s surname and the date of publication of the work in reference (APA) or the author’s name and page number of the text of which was extracted (MLA). It should be adequately. The shape and punctuation count.
You must also include a list of sources (bibliography) at the end of your paper. This not only sets out to show your readers that you researched, but also offer other sources in case you want to pursue the subject. Again, this should be done according to the rules established by the MLA or APA. 
What to cite?
a) All facts, figures, statistics that are not common knowledge.
Silver prices reached the highest value in nine years to $ 7.28 per ounce, on February 5, 1998. Some analysts predicted would reach $ 10.00 per ounce in the next two months (Fuerbriger D1).
This should be mentioned because it is not generally known.
The American Declaration of Independence was written in 1776.
This is common knowledge and need not be cited.
b) specific theories or ideas that have been proposed by others.
Not the poor and discrete pronunciation of vowel and consonant sounds which both interferes with communication, is the wrong use of intonations and accents (Gilbert, 1994, p. 21).
c) Any information that is NOT public knowledge.
It is estimated that deaths from firearm soon exceed those occurring in traffic accidents as the leading cause of traumatic death in North America (Davidson, 1998, p. A31).
(The APA guidelines were used in the above quotes).
The best policy to adopt is: when in doubt whether something is common knowledge, cite the source.
How do I avoid plagiarism?
a) Cite the source directly in quotation marks and cite the reference.
As one educator: – (Swales, 125) “the conscious copying the work of others Plagiarism is best defined as an intentional activity.”
b) Paraphrase ideas and cite the reference. You may not use sentences or paragraphs exactly as in the text, even if you cite the reference. The words you use must be YOURS.
John Swales said that plagiarism when people copy the work of another occurs and is well aware of what you are doing (125).
Source: Swales, John and Christine B. Feak. Academic Writing for Graduate Students. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.
(The MLA guidelines were used in the above quotes).
How I can paraphrase and be sure that I’m not “stealing” the sentences of another person?
a) Use synonyms for all words that are not generic.
b) Change the active to passive voice, or vice versa.
c) Change the structure of the sentence.
d) Reduce phrases paragraphs.
e) Change parts of text.
Let’s look at this original sentence:
As the United States has moved from an economy based on industry economy to one that is based on services and information, there has been a drop in the level of wages of industrial workers.
(Crandall, Joann, Maryanne Kearny Datesman and Edward N. Kearny, The American Ways Upper Saddle River. Prentice Hall Regents, 1997).
Acceptable forms of paraphrasing:
- The number of high-paying jobs in factories has decreased since the American economy has shifted from industry to the provision of services and information.(The structure of the sentence is changed and synonyms used)
- With the American economy based information and services, there are less and less well-paid industrial jobs. (Paragraph reduced sentence, use of synonyms)
The point is that you can not simply replace a few words with synonyms, or change the order of words-you must make a major effort to transform the sentence into another that preserves the meaning of the original, but as different from it as possible.
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